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Aztec Vs Inca Essay

The Importance of Religion in Aztec and Incas Cultures Essay

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INTRODUCTION
Religion played a very important role in the Aztec and Inca culture. Religious rituals consisted of human sacrifice and polytheism. Their deities were inspired by nature and the earth’s physical makeup. Both appear to be similar but peel back the onion and notable differences reveal themselves. It is difficult for modern day society to understand how human sacrifice can exist in such advanced civilizations.
THE INCAS (CHILDREN OF THE SUN)
The Incas Empire began around and lasted until the Spanish arrival in They were the largest civilization in pre-Columbia with a territory of , square miles and a population of about 7 million. Around the empire began its expansion stretching along the western coast of…show more content…

INTRODUCTION
Religion played a very important role in the Aztec and Inca culture. Religious rituals consisted of human sacrifice and polytheism. Their deities were inspired by nature and the earth’s physical makeup. Both appear to be similar but peel back the onion and notable differences reveal themselves. It is difficult for modern day society to understand how human sacrifice can exist in such advanced civilizations.
THE INCAS (CHILDREN OF THE SUN)
The Incas Empire began around and lasted until the Spanish arrival in They were the largest civilization in pre-Columbia with a territory of , square miles and a population of about 7 million. Around the empire began its expansion stretching along the western coast of South America. The Great Emperor at the time, Pacachuti, was able to persuade other groups to join his empire by peaceful means. Under his rule, the Incas were able to develop an advanced society to include governments, armies, highways, and permanent cities. Cusco, the capital, is located in Peru. Religion was an important part of this progressive culture. The Incas left no written text about their religious practices and much of the Inca art was melted down by the Spanish for their gold. The only information we have are the stories passed from generation to generation and through eye witness accounts, and archeological finds. They worshipped nature and believed the sun, the moon, and mountains were all created by Viracocha, the god of

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Aztec versus. Inca Empires in Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions

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The Aztec and Incan empire in Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions differed in their religious, cultural, and political traditions. Although both empires were located in the area of Mesoamerica, they were only similar in few ways. These two cultures were very influential to the nurturing of Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions. The religious aspects of both the Aztec and the Incan civilizations were based on several different deities. The Aztec empire had more than gods and goddesses. The most important of these gods is Tlaloc (Life god) and Huitzilopochtli (Sun god). These gods could be represented in human, animal or direction form. Aztec gods were worshipped through pyramid shaped religious buildings and ritual sacrificing. Human…show more content…

The Aztec and Incan empire in Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions differed in their religious, cultural, and political traditions. Although both empires were located in the area of Mesoamerica, they were only similar in few ways. These two cultures were very influential to the nurturing of Mesoamerica and the Andean Regions. The religious aspects of both the Aztec and the Incan civilizations were based on several different deities. The Aztec empire had more than gods and goddesses. The most important of these gods is Tlaloc (Life god) and Huitzilopochtli (Sun god). These gods could be represented in human, animal or direction form. Aztec gods were worshipped through pyramid shaped religious buildings and ritual sacrificing. Human sacrificing was critical in the Aztec empire because the blood of victims was believed to “placate” the gods. Incan society did not use human sacrificing but instead relied on animals. Although there were several deities, the most celebrated god was Inti (the sun god). Inti was believed to be the king’s father and have direct connections to the government. The other members of the monarchy, like the queen, would have relations to the female goddesses of religion. The connection between government and religion is unique to the Incan empire in comparison to the Aztec. The Incan link of government and religion is a large part of their political structure. The leader of Incan society was the monarch Pachacuti and his descendants. Pachacuti

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