Traditional dance of Dollu Kunitha in progress as part of Rajyotsava
|Also called||Kannada Rajyotsava, Karnataka Formation Day|
|Observedby||Kannadigas in India and overseas|
|Significance||Unification of Kannada-speaking regions of South India as the state of Karnataka|
|Celebrations||Hoisting of Karnataka flag, Processions, Cultural events, Rajyotsava Awards|
|Nexttime||1 November ()|
Karnataka Rajyotsava (Kannada: ಕರ್ನಾಟಕ ರಾಜ್ಯೋತ್ಸವ; Karnataka Formation Day; literally "Karnataka State Festival's") is celebrated on 1 November of every year. This was the day in when all the Kannada language-speaking regions of South India were merged to form the state of Karnataka.
The Rajyotsava day is listed as a government holiday in the state of Karnataka and is celebrated by Kannadigas across the world. It is marked by the announcement and presentation of the honours list for Rajyotsava Awards by the Government of Karnataka, hoisting of the official Karnataka flag with an address from the Chief Minister and Governor of the state along with community festivals, orchestra, Kannada book releases and concerts.
Main article: Unification of Karnataka
Aluru Venkata Rao was the first person who dreamt of unifying the State as early as with the Karnataka Ekikarana movement. In , India became republic and different provinces were formed in the country on basis of language spoken in the particular region and this gave birth to the state of Mysore including various places in south India, which were earlier ruled by the kings.
On 1 November , Mysore state, comprising most of the area of the erstwhile princely state of Mysore, was merged with the Kannada-speaking areas of the Bombay and Madras presidencies, as also of the principality of Hyderabad, to create a unified Kannada-speaking sub national entity. North Karnataka, Malnad (Canara) and old Mysore were thus the three regions of the newly formed Mysore state.
The newly unified state initially retained the name "Mysore", which was that of the erstwhile princely state which formed the core of the new entity. But the people of North Karnataka did not favour the retention of the name Mysore, as it was closely associated with the erstwhile principality and the southern areas of the new state. In deference to this logic, the name of the state was changed to "Karnataka" on 1 November Devaraj Arasu was the Chief Minister of the state when this landmark decision was taken. Other people credited for the unification of Karnataka include littérateurs like K. Shivaram Karanth, Kuvempu, Masti Venkatesha Iyengar, A. N. Krishna Rao and B. M. Srikantaiah.
Celebrations of Karnataka Rajyotsava
Rajyotsava day is celebrated with great joy and vigour all over the state of Karnataka. The entire state wears a festive look on this day as the red and yellow Kannada flags are hoisted at different strategic locations across the state and the Kannada anthem ("Jaya Bharatha Jananiya Tanujate") is chanted. The flag is hoisted at political party offices and several localities even as youth in many areas take out processions on two-wheelers. Religion not being a factor, the Rajyotsava is celebrated by Hindus, Muslims and Christians as well.
The state government asserts Rajyotsava awards on this day, which are awarded to people responsible for great contributions in the development of Karnataka. The Chief Minister of the State inaugurates the cultural show which is normally held at Kanteerava Stadium, Bangalore. Awards are presented to students who have won medals in various national games.
The celebrations are marked by multicoloured tableaux carrying the picture of the Goddess Bhuvaneshwari mounted on a decorated vehicle. The colourful procession is also accompanied by performances of the folk artists in the fields of drama (Bayalata), traditional dance (Dollu Kunitha, Kamsale, Veeragase, Kolata) and classical carnatic music.
Since 1 November is a public holiday, it is celebrated at commercial establishments in the following days of the week. Kannada flags are prominently hoisted and displayed at almost all office and business establishments across the city of Bengaluru. Being a hub of several IT companies, Bengaluru's major firms like TCS, IBM, Thomson Reuters, Wipro, Robert Bosch, SAP Labs,Accenture, Alcatel-Lucent and Infosys encourage employees to showcase the local favour by holding cultural events. The IT crowd show their support by wearing Kannada-themed T-shirts to workplaces. Educational institutions also hold such events at schools along with flag-hoisting and the rendering of naadageethe.
Apart from celebrations in Karnataka, it is also observed in other regions of India with significant Kannadiga population like Mumbai, New Delhi,Gurgaon and Chennai. Overseas Kannada organisations also take part in the festivities by arranging cultural events in countries like the United States,United Kingdom, Singapore,Dubai,QatarMuscat,South Korea,Australia,New Zealand,Scotland,IrelandThe Netherlands, and Germany.
For other uses, see Karnataka flag.
The Kannada Paksha flag is the official, bi-coloured flag of Kannada Paksha, a political party in Karnataka. It was also the unofficial Karnataka flag between and It was widely identified with Karnataka, Kannadigas and the Kannada language. A new tri-coloured Karnataka flag was designed and adopted by the Government of Karnataka on March 8 
The flag is divided into two equal horizontal strips, a yellow strip for the top half and a red strip below. The yellow and red colors in the flag represent Arrishna (Turmeric) and Kumkuma (Vermilion) which symbolize auspiciousness and well-being of the state. In general, the yellow and red colours signify positivity and courage respectively.
Only Jammu and Kashmir is allowed to have a state flag. The flag does not represent separatist ideology and was used across the length and breadth of the state by Kannada-centric organizations and private individuals to show solidarity with Kannada causes and demonstrate unity. It finds a place in the official website of the Government of Karnataka.
The flag was first conceived by Ma Ramamurthy, a Bangalore-based writer, journalist and social activist, often considered as a commander of Kannada movement in s. Ma Ramamurthy was the son of noted freedom fighter and litterateur, Veerakesari Seetharama Shastri. In , Ma Ramamurthy went on a padayatra, protesting against the hoisting of flags by a group from a neighboring State in Bangalore. He then realized the need for a flag representing Karnataka and designed a yellow flag depicting Karnataka map with a paddy crown in the center which was simplified later to its current form. He used the flag for the political party called "Kannada Paksha" which he founded in The political party is active now the flag has been consistently used all over Karnataka to represent the state, Kannada language and culture. This flag is prominently hoisted on the occasion of Karnataka Rajyotsava celebrated on November 1 as the state's Formation Day. It is routine in many educational and government institutions. After hoisting the flag, the official State anthem written in Kannada, Jaya Bharata Jananiya Tanujate is sung. One can find the yellow-red flag fluttering atop buildings, flag posts at road junctions, and on vehicles along the length and breadth of Karnataka State. The same flag is represented in several Kannada movies including the movie Aakasmika starring Rajkumar in which the actor is seen waving the flag in a song admiring the beauty of 'Kannada Nadu' (Kannada State) and its culture.
The Kannada flag is so popular that it has become an "unofficially official" state flag in terms of acceptance throughout the state despite the absence of government order elevating it to official status. In several pro-Kannada movements including Gokak agitation the flag has been used as the symbol of the unity of Kannadigas. In , Kannada Development Authority recommended for granting it state flag status but the state law department cited legal hurdles for the same.
In , B. S. Yeddyurappa, then Chief Minister of Karnataka, issued a circular enforcing restrictions on hoisting Kannada flag on government buildings. Later, this move was challenged in Karnataka High Court in after then Chief Minister D. V. Sadananda Gowda mentioned in his budget speech that the hoisting of the Kannada flag on November 1 will be made compulsory in all government offices, schools and colleges. During hearing, a division bench of the high court headed by Chief Justice Vikramajit Sen questioned the government's move to hoist "any flag" other than the national flag. The court had also sought a response from the government regarding "whether it is possible for the State to have any flag other than the national flag" while also asking the Union government to clarify the law in this connection. Subsequently, the state Govt decided to withdraw its circular before the eve of Rajyotsava in